Mass and density are two physical quantities.Mass is the quantity of matter of an object while density is mass per unit volume.They are two different quantities but these quantities have relationships with each other, higher will be the mass higher will be the density. Now! We are going learn in detail about mass and density. What is mass? The mass of ...

Read More »## Kirchhoff’s voltage and current law with examples

What is Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law? Kirchhoff’s voltage law is a fundamental circuit law that states that the algebraic sum of all the voltages around a closed path is zero or, in other words,the sum of the voltage drops equals the total source voltage. Kirchhoff’s loop rule In an electric circuit, the voltages across the resistors(voltage drops) always have polarities opposite ...

Read More »## Difference between electric potential and electric potential energy

Electric potential definition “Electric potential at a point in electric field is the amount of work done to bring the unit positive charge from infinity to that point.” The gravitational potential at point in the gravitational field is the gravitational potential energy of a unit mass placed at that point.In this way ,the electric potential at any point in the ...

Read More »## Joules law of heating equation

State Joule’s law of heating “The heat produced in a conductor is: (1) Directly proportion the square of current passing through the conductor,(H ∝ I²) keeping R and t constant; (2) Directly proportion to the resistance of the conductor (H ∝ R) keeping I and t constant;and (3)Directly proportional to the time of flow of current (H ∝ t) keeping I and R ...

Read More »## Gravitational field strength:formula & definition

What is the Gravitational field? “The space around the earth in which earth can exert a force of attraction on other bodies is called gravitational field.”A basic fact of the gravitation is that to particles exerts forces on one another.This is a direct interaction between the two particles and is called the action at a distance because the two particles ...

Read More »## Energy stored in a capacitor equation derivation and problems

Energy stored in a capacitor equation Consider a capacitor with the capacitance ‘C’ ,which is connected to the battery of emf ‘V’ .If ‘dq’ charge is transferred from one plate to other,then the work done ‘dW’ will be: dW =V dq This work done is stored in the form of electric potential energy ‘dU’ dU =V dq When the capacitor ...

Read More »## Difference between polar and non polar dielectric materials

Capacitance with dielectric formula Consider a parallel plate capacitor which is connected with a battery of emf ‘V’ .Let ‘A’ is the area of each plate and ‘d’ is separation between the plates. If ‘q’ charge is stored in the capacitor when there is vacuum or air as medium between the plates ,then: q= CV Where ‘C’ is the capacitance ...

Read More »## Second equation of motion derivation with graphical method

Second equation of motion Derivation Suppose a body is moving with initial velocity “Vi” after time t its velocity becomes Vf.The distance covered by the body is “S”.The acceleration of the body is represented by a. Explanation: Consider the speed time graph in which the initial velocity “Vi” of the body is represented by “OA”.After a time interval, OC the ...

Read More »## formula for total capacitance in series and parallel combination

Formula of equivalent capacitance in series Series combination when capacitors are connected in series,the total capacitance is less than the smallest capacitance value because the effective plate separation increases.The calculation of total series capacitance is analogous to the calculation of total resistance of parallel resistors. This type of combination has the following characteristics: Each capacitor has the same charge across ...

Read More »## Inductor and inductance:types and applications

What is Inductor and what does it do? When a length of wire is formed into a coil,it becomes a basic inductor. The term coil and inductor are used interchangeably.Current through the coil produced an electromagnetic field, as illustrated. The magnetic lines of force around each loop (turn) in the winding of the coil effectively add to the lines of ...

Read More »