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Temperature Conversion scales formulas examples

What are different scales of temperature? There are three different scales of temperature,which are given in the list: Celsius scale Fahrenheit scale Kelvin scale   1.Temperature Conversion from Celsius to Kelvin scale: The temperature T on kelvin scale can be obtained by adding 273 in the temperature C on Celsius scale.Thus the formula to convert Celsius to kelvin is given ...

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How does a thermometer work?

“Thermometer is the device which is used to measure the temperature of a body.”Some substances have property that changes with temperature.Substances that show a change with temperature can be used as a thermometric material.For example,some substances expand on heating,some change their colors,some change their electric resistance ,etc.Nearly all the the substances expand on heating.Liquids also expand on heating and are ...

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Temperature scales with examples

What is temperature? “The temperature of a body is the degree of hotness or coldness of the body.”or “Average kinetic energy of atoms or molecules.”When we touch a body,we feel it hot or cold.The temperature of a body tells us how hot or cold a body is. When two systems are in thermal equilibrium,we say that they have the same ...

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Standard resistor values

Carbon resistors are most common in electronic equipment.They consists of a high grade ceramic rod or cone ( called the substrate on which is deposited a thin resistive film of carbon. The numerical value of their resistance is indicated by a colour code which consists of bands of different colors printed on the body of the resistor.The color used in ...

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Describe the structure of an atom

what is Atom? “Atom is the smallest particle of an element that possesses the unique characteristics of that element.”All matter is composed of atoms;all atoms consists of electrons,protons, and neutrons except normal hydrogen,which does not have a neutron.Each element in the periodic table has a unique atomic structure,and all atoms within a given element have the same number of protons.At ...

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Potentiometer as a variable resistor

What is potentiometer? “A potentiometer is a very simple instrument which can measure and compare potential differences accurately”.Potential difference is usually measured by an instrument called a voltmeter. The voltmeter is connected across the two points in circuits between which potential  differance is to be measured. It is necessary that the resistance of the voltmeter be large compared to the ...

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resistor and its types

A resistor is an electrical component with a known specific value of resistance.It is probably the most common component in all kinds of electronic equipment ranging from a small radio to a colour television receiver.As its name suggests ,a resister resists or opposes the flow of current through it.Resistance is necessary for any circuit to do useful work.In fact,without resistance,every ...

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how electrical energy is produced?

What is electrical energy? “Electrical energy is produced by moving electric charges commonly through a wire.”When charge moves from a higher electric potential to a lower potential,it delivers electric current.Thus,the process ,during which charges continuously move from a higher potential to a lower potential,becomes a continuous source of electrical energy. Turbine runs generator to produce electrical energy when water falls ...

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how are current voltage and resistance related?

what is ohm’s law? Ohm’s law states that “The current flowing through a conductor is directly proportional to the potential difference across its ends provided the physical state such as temperature etc. of the conductor remains constant.”Ohm describes mathematically how voltage,current and resistance in a circuit are related.It is used in the equivalent form depending on which quantity you need ...

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what is resistance in electricity?

What is the definition of resistance in physics? “Resistance is the property of material that restricts the flow of electrons.”When there is current in a conductive material ,the free electrons move through the material and occasionally collide with atoms.These collisions cause the electrons to lose some of their energy,and thus their movement is restricted.This restriction varies and is determined  by ...

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