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Author Archives: admin

Standard resistor values

Carbon resistors are most common in electronic equipment.They consists of a high grade ceramic rod or cone ( called the substrate on which is deposited a thin resistive film of carbon. The numerical value of their resistance is indicated by a colour code which consists of bands of different colors printed on the body of the resistor.The color used in ...

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Describe the structure of an atom

what is Atom? “Atom is the smallest particle of an element that possesses the unique characteristics of that element.”All matter is composed of atoms;all atoms consists of electrons,protons, and neutrons except normal hydrogen,which does not have a neutron.Each element in the periodic table has a unique atomic structure,and all atoms within a given element have the same number of protons.At ...

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Potentiometer as a variable resistor

What is potentiometer? “A potentiometer is a very simple instrument which can measure and compare potential differences accurately”.Potential difference is usually measured by an instrument called a voltmeter. The voltmeter is connected across the two points in circuits between which potential  differance is to be measured. It is necessary that the resistance of the voltmeter be large compared to the ...

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resistor and its types

A resistor is an electrical component with a known specific value of resistance.It is probably the most common component in all kinds of electronic equipment ranging from a small radio to a colour television receiver.As its name suggests ,a resister resists or opposes the flow of current through it.Resistance is necessary for any circuit to do useful work.In fact,without resistance,every ...

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how electrical energy is produced?

What is electrical energy? “Electrical energy is produced by moving electric charges commonly through a wire.”When charge moves from a higher electric potential to a lower potential,it delivers electric current.Thus,the process ,during which charges continuously move from a higher potential to a lower potential,becomes a continuous source of electrical energy. Turbine runs generator to produce electrical energy when water falls ...

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Ohm’s law:Definition,formula,applications & problems

what is ohm’s law? Ohm’s law states that “The current flowing through a conductor is directly proportional to the potential difference across its ends provided the physical state such as temperature etc. of the conductor remains constant.”Ohm describes mathematically how voltage,current and resistance in a circuit are related.It is used in the equivalent form depending on which quantity you need ...

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Difference between resistance and resistivity

What is the definition of resistance in physics? “Resistance is the property of material that restricts the flow of electrons.”When there is current in a conductive material ,the free electrons move through the material and occasionally collide with atoms.These collisions cause the electrons to lose some of their energy,and thus their movement is restricted.This restriction varies and is determined  by ...

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What is the difference between voltage and current?

What is voltage in electricity? “Voltage is the amount of energy per charge available to move electrons from one point to another in an electric circuit.”It is the driving force in electric circuits and is what establishes current.As you have seen,a force of attraction exists between a positive and a negative charge. A certain amount of energy must be exerted,in ...

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Capacitance in series and parallel circuits examples & problems

What is capacitance? “Capacitance is the amount of charge that a capacitor can store per unit of voltage across its plates.”It is denoted by C.That is capacitance is a measure of a capacitor’s ability to store charge.The more charge per unit of voltage that a capacitor can store,the greater its capacitance,its formula is given as: C=Q/V Where C is capacitance,Q ...

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Different types of capacitors and their uses with images

What is capacitor? “A capacitor is device that can store charge.”Apart from resistors and inductors a capacitor is the other basic component commonly used in electronic circuits.It is a device which  has the ability to store charge which neither a resistor nor an inductor  can do , it opposes any change of voltage in the circuit in witch it is ...

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