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Different branches of physics and their definitions

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What is physics?

The branch of science which deals with the interaction of matter and energy is called physics.

Branches of physics list

In practical field,the common branches of physics are:

  • Mechanics
  • Classical physics
  • Modern physics
  • Thermodynamics
  • Electricity
  • Magnetism
  • Geo physics
  • Plasma physics
  • Optics
  • Sound and oscillation
  • Electronics
  • Chemical physics
  • Engineering physics
  • Solid state physics
  • Quantum physics
  • Nuclear physics
  • Particle physics
  • Bio physics
  • Astrophysics
  • Condensed matter physics

10 branches of physics and their definition

Mechanics

It is the study of motion of objects,its causes and effects.

Heat

It is the study of nature of heat,modes of transfer and effects of heat.

Sound

It is the study of physical aspects of sound waves,their production,properties and applications.

Light(optic)

It is the study of physical aspects of light,its properties and use of optical instruments.

Electricity and Magnetism

It is the study of the charges at rest and in motion,their effects and their relationship with magnetism.

Atomic physics

It is the study of the structure and properties of atoms.

Nuclear physics

It is the study of properties and behavior of nuclei and the particles.

Plasma physics

It is the study of production,properties of the ionic state of matter.

Geophysics

It is the study of the internal structure of the earth.

Classical physics

The branch of physics that deals with newton’s laws of motion,law of gravitation,Maxwell’s kinetic theory and thermodynamics.

The classical physics is mostly related with energy and matter which are considered as different entities.Main branches of classical physics are Acoustics,optics ,classical mechanics and electromagnetic.

Modern physics

It is the branch of physics which deals with theory of relativity and quantum mechanics.Max plank and Einstein are consider the father of modern physics.

Bio Physics

Bio physics is the branch of physics in which we study about biological problems and phenominas by using techniques of physics.Major application and achievement of bio physics is D.N.A.

Astrophysics

The branch of physics which deals with the study of universe such as stars,planets and galaxies etc

Electronics

Electronics is the branch of physics in which motion of electron is controlled by  using semiconductor devices.

Chemical physics

It is the study of science of physical relations which involved in chemistry.

Engineering physics

It is the study of fields of physics and engineering.

 

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