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Electricity & Megnetism

Discuss analogies and differences between Gauss’s law and ampere’s law.

Analogies between Gauss’s law and Ampere’s law: Gauss’s law says the electric flux through a closed surface is proportional to the charge within the surface.Ampere’s law says the line integral of B.ds around a close path is proportional to the current that passes through that path. In Gauss’s law,the imaginary and arbitrary closed surface is taken enclosing a charge.In ampere’s ...

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Discuss analogies and the differences between Coulomb’s law and the Biot- Savart’s law?

Similarities: Both the electric and magnetic field depends inversely on square of distance between the source and field point. Both electric field and magnetic field are proportional to the source strength namely charge and current element respectively. Both obey superposition principle. Differences: According to Coulomb’s law,the electrostatic force between two point charges is directly proportional to the product of their ...

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Can a transformer operate on DC?

A transformer cannot operate on a steady or unchanging dc voltage such as that of a battery.It requires a voltage which rises and falls.Since an ac voltage not only changes its magnitude but its direction as well,it is used to operate the transformers. However,a transformer will operate from dc voltage if this voltage also undergoes changes.Transformers used for audio amplifiers ...

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Eddy current testing principle

What is eddy current? A current induced in a conductor when subject to a varying magnetic field.Such currents are a source of energy dissipation (eddy current loss) in alternating current machinery.The reaction between the eddy currents in a moving conductor and the magnetic in which it is moving is such as to retard the motion.This property of eddy currents is ...

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Thermal and chemical effects of current

Thermal effects: Joule’s law of heating: “The heat produced in a conductor is: (1) Directly proportion the square of current passing through the conductor,(H ∝ I²) keeping R and t constant; (2) Directly proportion to the resistance of the conductor (H ∝ R) keeping I and t constant;and (3)Directly proportional to the time of flow of current (H ∝ t) keeping I and ...

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What are some applications of a step up transformer?of a step down transformer?

Applications of a step up transformer: For Transmission of electric power from power station to consumer,voltage is step up by using step up transformer.It minimizes the power loss in transmission line. Applications of a step down transformer: Step down transformer decrease the voltage to a safe value at the end of the transmission line where the consumer of electric power ...

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Why would power distribution systems be less effective without alternating current?

Most larger power distribution systems are AC.The power is transmitted from power stations at much higher voltage to minimize the power loss.At the end of the line where the consumer is located,the voltage level is reduced to a safe value for domestic use.The crucial factor is that it is much easier to increase and decrease AC voltage than DC,so AC ...

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Hall effect semiconductor

What is the Hall effect? “An effect when occurring when a current carrying conductor is placed in a magnetic field and orientated so that the field is at right angles to the direction of the current.”An electric field is produced in the conductor at right angles to both the current and the magnetic field.The field produced is related to the ...

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Inductance of solenoid and toroid

What is solenoid? Solenoid is defined as:”A long tightly wound cylindrical conducting wire is called solenoid.” Magnetic field due to solenoid: Consider a solenoid having n turns per unit length.When current passes through the solenoid ,magnetic field is produced inside the solenoid which is directed along the axis of solenoid.The magnetic field in space outside the solenoid is so weak ...

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What is the difference between Ampere’s Law and Biot-Savart’s Law?

What is ampere’s law? According to this law “The line integral of magnetic field B along a closed path due to current is equal to the product of the permeability of free space and the current enclosed by the closed path”. Mathematically it is expressed as: Where μ0=permeability of free space i=current flowing through the conductor. Proof: Consider a straight ...

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