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Electronics

Wheatstone bridge strain gauge

The Wheatstone Bridge: The Wheatstone bridge circuit is widely used to precisely measure resistance. Also, the bridge is used in conjunction with transducers to measure physical quantities such as strain,temperature , and pressure. Transducers are devices that sense a change in a physical parameter and convert that change into an electrical quantity such as a change in resistance. For example, a ...

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How to use Zener diode as voltage regulator

what is Zener Diode? A major application for zener diodes is as a type of voltage regulator for providing stable reference voltages for use in power supplies,voltmeters,and other instruments. In this section, you will see how the zener maintains a nearly constant de voltage under the proper operating conditions. You will learn the conditions and illustrations for properly using the ...

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semiconductor diode:symbol,types and applications

Diode A diode is a two-terminal device formed by two doped regions of silicon separated by a pn junction. The most common category of diode, known as the general-purpose diode,is covered. Other names, such as rectifier diode or signal diode, depend on the particular type of application for which the diode was designed. You will learn how to use a ...

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Difference between amplitude (AM) and frequency (FM) modulation

What is modulation? Until the process of superimposing a low frequency (long wave) voice information component on a high frequency (short wave) carrier signal was perfected,the most widely used form of communication was a system based on the transmission of a continuous wave (CW) signal.With this system,the signal was interrupted periodically (Morse code) to produce a coded message.The CW system ...

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Different types of rectifiers and their applications in daily life

What is Rectification? Conversion of alternating current into direct current is called rectification. Semiconductor diodes are extensively used for this purpose. There are three common types of rectification: Half wave rectification Full wave rectification Full Wave Bridge Rectification Half Wave Rectification An alternating voltage of Time period T is called input voltage is applied to a diode D which is ...

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Difference between donor and acceptor impurities in semiconductor

What is Doping ? The conductivity of intrinsic semiconductor is not so good to use them for making electronic devices. To increase the conductivity of intrinsic semiconductor, some impurities are added. This process of adding impurities of intrinsic semiconductor is called doping. The doping is of two types: Accepter Doping Donor Doping Accepter Doping If the trivalent element from the ...

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Difference between intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductor

In terms of their electrical properties,materials can be classified into three groups: Conductors Insulators Semiconductors When atoms combine to form a solid,crystalline materials,they arrange themselves in symmetrical pattern.The atoms within crystal structure are held together by covalent bonds,which are created by the interaction of the valence electrons of the atoms. Silicon is a crystalline material.All materials are made up of ...

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What are the different types of solids?

What are Solids? Material have specific used depending upon their characteristics and properties, such as hardness, ductility,malleability, conducting or magnetic etc. What makes steel hard, lead soft, iron magnetic and copper electrically conducting? It depends upon the structure- the particular order and bonding of atoms in a material. this clue has made it possible to design and create materials with ...

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5 band resistor colour code table and chart

Carbon resistors are most common in electronic equipment.They consists of a high grade ceramic rod or cone ( called the substrate on which is deposited a thin resistive film of carbon. The numerical value of their resistance is indicated by a colour code which consists of bands of different colors printed on the body of the resistor.The color used in ...

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structure of atoms and molecules with examples

what is Atom? “Atom is the smallest particle of an element that possesses the unique characteristics of that element.”All matter is composed of atoms;all atoms consists of electrons,protons, and neutrons except normal hydrogen,which does not have a neutron.Each element in the periodic table has a unique atomic structure,and all atoms within a given element have the same number of protons.At ...

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