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**What is toroid?**

The solenoid bent into circular shape is called toroid.

## Inductance of a toroid derivation

Consider a toroid having rectangular cross sectional area.The inner radius of the toroid is â€˜aâ€™ while outer radius is b.The number of turns of toroid is N.Let i be the current flowing through each turn of toroid. The magnetic field lines inside the solenoid is given as:

Where dA = hdr is the area of the elementary strip of toroid .Putting the value of â€˜Bâ€™ from equation (1) we get:

Which is the relation for inductance of solenoid.The inductance L depends only on geometrical factors.