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Image formation by convex and concave lens ray diagrams

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 converging and diverging lenses ray diagrams

In mirrors images are formed through reflection but lenses form images through refraction.This is explained with the help of ray diagrams as follows:

Image formation by convex lens ray diagrams

Image formation in convex lens can be explained with the help of three principal rays shown in figure.

image formation in convex lens diagram

  1. The ray parallel to the principal axis passes through the focal point after refraction by the lens.
  2. The ray passing through optical centre passes straight through the lens and remains undeviated.
  3. The ray passing through the focal point becomes parallel to the principal axis after refraction by the lens.ray trasing

Ray diagram for concave lens

image formation in concave lens

Image formation in convex lens

Case 1:When object beyond 2F:

IMAGE FORM IN CONVEX WHEN OBJECTB BEYOND THE 2F

In this case image will form between F and 2F,image will be real,inverted,smaller than the object.

Case 2:When object is placed at 2F:

object at 2f

In this case image will form at 2F,also image will be real ,inverted,the same as the size of the object.

Case 3:When object is placed between F and 2F:

OBJECT BETWEEN

In this case image will form beyond the 2F,also image will be real,inverted,larger than the object.

Case 4:When object is placed at F:

object at f

In this case no image will formed because the refracted rays are parallel and never meet.

Case 5:When object is placed between F and optical centre:

OBJECT PLACED BETWEEN F AND OPTICAL CENTRE

In this case image will form behind the object,also image will be virtual,erect,larger than the object.

Image formation by concave lens ray diagrams

ray diagram

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