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Difference between centripetal and centrifugal force with examples

Centripetal force definition “The force which is directed towards the centre of circle is called centripetal force.” Explanation: Consider a body moving with uniform speed in a circular path.In this case velocity changes only in direction and not in magnitude.Applying Newton’s first law of motion we find that some external force must be acting on the particle.Without presence of external ...

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uses of laser in daily life

List of uses of laser and applications in the field of medicine, industry, and agriculture The intense heat produced in a small area by a laser beam is also used for welding and matching metals and for drilling tiny holes in the hard material. The precise straightness of a laser beam is also useful to surveyors for lining up equipment ...

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How can you determine the polarity of unlabeled magnet?

The polarity of an unlabelled magnet is determined by following methods. First method: Suspend the magnet freely with the help of a thread so that it can oscillate freely.When magnet comes to rest ,one end always points towards the northern end of the earth.This end of magnet is thus called the North pole.Similarly,the other end of the magnet pointing towards ...

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What is the difference between emf and potential difference?

Electromotive force The emf is the energy supplied to unit charge by the cell or battery. It is also defined as “the potential difference between the terminals of a battery when no current is flowing through an external circuit when the circuit is open. Potential difference The voltage across the terminals of the battery when the current is being drawn ...

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do electron tend to go to regions of high potential or low potential?

Electrons are negatively charged particles.When placed in an electric field ,negatively charged plate will repel them while positively charged plate will attract them.So,the electrons will move from negatively charged plate to positively charged plate.Since positively charged plate is at higher potential,while negatively charged plate is at lower potential.Therefore electrons tend to go from region of lower potential to a region ...

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Why is the electron volt often a more convenient unit of energy than a joule?

Both electron volt and joule are the units of energy.Since energies at atomic level are very small and are expressed in electron volt rather than Joule because Joule is a bigger unit.Hence the unit electron volt for energy is more convenient than joule,when we are dealing with atoms and nuclei to express the energy.  

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Difference between mutual and self induction

image of self induction of a coil

What is Mutual induction? “The process of inducing e.m.f in the secondary coil by changing the magnetic flux of the primary coil with the help of varying current through it is called mutual induction.” If two coils placed together ,then by changing current in one coil sets up a changing magnetic field in the other coil,so induced an e.m.f in ...

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biot savart law:definition, examples, problems and applications

What is the definition of biot savart law? “The magnetic induction at any point produced by current element is directly proportional to the product of the current and the differential element and inversely proportional to the square of distance of the point from the differential element.” Formula of Biot Savart law [latex]\dB=\frac { { \mu  }_{ 0 } }{ 4\pi ...

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Difference between gas turbine and steam turbine

Idea of gas turbine is very old one,its working principle is an advanced version of wind mill.To achieve efficient working of turbine,the movement of  gas is controlled and directed to blades.The air which is under pressure supplied to turbine by air compressor. In gas turbine initially the air is obtained from atmosphere and compressed in air compressor.The air which is ...

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difference between mass and weight in tabular form

Unfortunately, weight and mass are often considered to be same quantities and misused in daily conversations.It is therefore essential for you to differentiate between these two physical quantities. 5 differences between mass and weight of a body Properties of mass Mass is the quantity of matter possessed by a body. It is a scalar quantity,which has magnitude only. Its unit ...

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