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Torque:definition,formula,unit and examples

Definition of torque in physics “The turning effect of a force is called torque or moment of the force.” We open or close a door by pushing or pulling it.Here push or pull turn the door about its hinge or axis of rotation.The door is opened or closed due to the turning effect of the force acting on it. Before ...

Conditions of equilibrium with examples

What is the equilibrium in physics? “A body is said to be in equilibrium if no net force acts on it.”Newton’s first law of motion tells us that a body continues its state of rest or of uniform motion in a straight line if no resultant or net force acts on it.For example,a book lying on a table or a ...

Physics work energy and power Formulas with problems and solutions

What is work? “Work is a task or job  done when a force acts on a body and moves it in the direction of the force.”Generally ,it refers to perform some task or job. How to find work in physics? In science ,work has precise meaning.For example,a man carrying a load is doing work but he is not doing work ...

Lenz’s Law of electromagnetic induction

What is Lenz’s Law of electromagnetic induction? Lenz’s law states that:”The direction of induced current is always so as to oppose the change which causes the current.” A mathematical expression of Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction was derived as: ε = – N ΔΦ/Δt The minus sign in the expression is very important.It has to do with the direction of the ...

Solar energy:applications of solar energy

What is solar energy? “Solar energy is the energy coming from the sun and is used directly and indirectly.”The earth receives huge amount of energy directly from the sun each day.Solar energy at normal incidence outside the earth’s atmosphere is about 1.4 kWm-2 which is referred as solar constant.While passing through the atmosphere,the total energy is reduced due to reflection,scattering ...

intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors difference and examples

In terms of their electrical properties,materials can be classified into three groups: Conductors Insulators Semiconductors When atoms combine to form a solid,crystalline materials,they arrange themselves in symmetrical pattern.The atoms within crystal structure are held together by covalent bonds,which are created by the interaction of the valence electrons of the atoms. Silicon is a crystalline material.All materials are made up of ...

crystalline and amorphous solids with definition and examples

What are Solids? Material have specific used depending upon their characteristics and properties, such as hardness, ductility,malleability, conducting or magnetic etc. What makes steel hard, lead soft, iron magnetic and copper electrically conducting? It depends upon the structure- the particular order and bonding of atoms in a material. this clue has made it possible to design and create materials with ...

What is transformer?-types,applications & working principle

“A transformer is an electrical device to change a given alternating emf into a larger or smaller alternating emf.”or “It is a static or stationary piece of apparatus that transfers electric power from one circuit to another having mutual inductance without changing the frequency.”A basic transformer is an electrical device constructed of two coils placed in close proximity to each ...