Second equation of motion Derivation Suppose a body is moving with initial velocity “Vi” after time t its velocity becomes Vf.The distance covered by the body is “S”.The acceleration of the body is represented by a. Explanation: Consider the speed time graph in which the initial velocity “Vi” of the body is represented by “OA”.After a time interval, OC the ...

Read More »## formula for total capacitance in series and parallel combination

Formula of equivalent capacitance in series Series combination when capacitors are connected in series,the total capacitance is less than the smallest capacitance value because the effective plate separation increases.The calculation of total series capacitance is analogous to the calculation of total resistance of parallel resistors. This type of combination has the following characteristics: Each capacitor has the same charge across ...

Read More »## Newton’s law of universal gravitation formula

Newton’s law of gravitation can be stated as:”Everybody in the universe attracts every other body with a force which is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their centers.” Newton went a step further in his analysis of gravity. In his examination of the orbits of the planets, he ...

Read More »## Inductor and inductance:types and applications

What is Inductor and what does it do? When a length of wire is formed into a coil,it becomes a basic inductor. The term coil and inductor are used interchangeably.Current through the coil produced an electromagnetic field, as illustrated. The magnetic lines of force around each loop (turn) in the winding of the coil effectively add to the lines of ...

Read More »## Vernier caliper least count formula

Vernier caliper is an instrument used to measure the length, diameter, radius etc. It can measure up to 1/10 of mm (or 0.1 mm 0.01 cm) which is called at least count of V.C.It is used by the lathe mechanic for making metallic cylinders of different sizes. There are two scales of V.C Vernier scale Main scale The main scale ...

Read More »## Acceleration due to gravity formula and problems

What is gravitational acceleration? Acceleration of a freely falling bodies is called gravitational acceleration.The value of gravitational acceleration is 10 ms-². Why value of g varies with altitude? Above formula shows that the value of acceleration due to gravity g depends on the radius of the earth at its surface.The value of g is inversely proportional to the square ...

Read More »## Archimedes principle formula and buoyant force

Pascal law Archimedes law Archimedes principle states that When an object is totally or partially immersed in a liquid, an upthrust acts on it equal to the weight of the liquid it displaces. An air filled balloon immediately shoots up to the surface when released under water. The same would happen if a piece of wood is released under water. ...

Read More »## Refraction of light:Definition,causes,laws,examples and applications

“The process of bending of light as it passes from air into glass and vice versa is called refraction of light.” Why does refraction occur? If we dip one end of a pencil or some other object into water at an angle to the surface, the submerged part looks bent. Its image is displaced because the light coming from the ...

Read More »## dot product and cross product of vectors with examples and properties

What is dot product of two vectors? When two vectors are multiplied with each other and answer is a scalar quantity then such a product is called scalar product or dot product of vectors. A dot (.) is placed between vectors which are multiplied with each other that’s why it is also called “dot product”. Scalar = vector .vector Vector ...

Read More »## Magnetic flux density:Definition,unit,formula and applications

Magnetic Flux definition The group of force lines going from the north pole to the south pole of a magnet is called the magnetic flux, symbolized by Φ (the Greek letter phi). The number of lines of force in a magnetic field determines the value of the flux. The more lines of force, the greater the flux and the stronger the magnetic ...

Read More »