The branch of science which deals with the interaction of matter and energy is called physics. There are Two Main Branches of Physics, Classical Physics and Modern Physics. Further sub Physics branches are Mechanics, Electromagnetism, Thermodynamics, Optics, etc..
The rapid progress in science during recent years has become possible due to discoveries and inventions in the field of physics. The technologies of our modern society throughout the world are related to physics. For example, a car is made on the principle of mechanics and a refrigerator is based on the principles of thermodynamics.
Importance of physics in our daily life
In our daily life, we hardly find a device in which laws of physics are not involved.
- Pulleys are used to lift heavy loads.
- Electricity is used to get light, heat and mechanical energy that drives fans and electric motors.
- Means of transportation such as cars and airplanes, domestic appliances such as air conditioners, refrigerators, vacuum cleaners, washing machines, and microwave oven, etc.
- The means of communication such as radio, TV, telephone, and computer are the result of applications of physics. These devices have made our lives much easier and faster and more comfortable than in the past.
- The computer is the invention of physics.
Branches of physics list
In the practical field, the common branches of physics are:
- Classical physics
- Modern physics
- Geo physics
- Plasma physics
- Sound and oscillation
- Chemical physics
- Engineering physics
- Solid-state physics
- Quantum physics
- Nuclear physics
- Particle physics
- Condensed matter physics
10 branches of physics and their definition
It is the study of the motion of objects, its causes, and effects.
Sub branches of mechanics are:
- Classical mechanics
- Statistical mechanics
It is the study of nature of heat, modes of transfer and effects of heat.
It is the study of physical aspects of sound waves, their production, properties, and applications.
It is the study of physical aspects of light, its properties and use of optical instruments.
Electricity and Magnetism
It is the study of the charges at rest and in motion, their effects and their relationship with magnetism.
It is the study of the structure and properties of atoms.
It is the study of properties and behavior of nuclei and the particles.
It is the study of production, properties of the ionic state of matter.
It is the study of the internal structure of the earth.
The branch of physics that deals with newton’s laws of motion, the law of gravitation, Maxwell’s kinetic theory and thermodynamics.
The classical physics is mostly related to energy and matter which are considered as different entities. Main branches of classical physics are Acoustics, optics, classical mechanics and electromagnetic.
Major subtopics of classical physics
- Classical mechanics
Major subtopics of Quantum physics
- Quantum mechanics
- Quantum statistics
- Quantum electrodynamics
- Quantum field theory
- Special relativity
- General relativity
- Einstein field equations
It is the branch of physics which deals with the theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. Max plank and Einstein are considered the father of modern physics.
Bio physics is the branch of physics in which we study biological problems and phenominas by using techniques of physics. Major application and achievement of biophysics is D.N.A.
The branch of physics which deals with the study of universes such as stars, planets and galaxies, etc
Electronics is the branch of physics in which motion of an electron is controlled by using semiconductor devices.
It is the study of the science of physical relations which involved in chemistry.
It is the study of fields of physics and engineering.
It deals with physical processes and their relations in the science of economy.
It involves the protection of people works with are near radiation.
It is the study of mathematical systems that stands for physical phenomena.
It examines the structure, properties, and behavior of molecules.
It is also called high energy physics, analyses the behavior and properties of elementary particles.