Mechanics

Difference between scalar quantity and vector quantity in tabular form

The basic difference between scalar and vector quantity is that scalar quantity is described completely by its magnitude only while vector quantity is described by magnitude and direction. Speed, energy, power are few scalar quantity examples. Force, velocity and acceleration are some vector quantity examples.

Now, we learn in detail about scalar and vector quantities.

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Difference between vector and scalar quantity in tabular form

Scalars vectors
Physical quantities having magnitude only but no direction .Physical quantities having magnitude and direction .
  These quantities are completely described by:

1:a number

2:a suitable unit

These quantities are completely described by:

1:a numbers

2:by a suitable unit

3:By certain direction

These quantities are added , subtracted, multiplied and divided by simple arithmetic rules.     These quantities cannot be added , subtracted, multiplied and divide by simple arithmetical rules.

What are some examples of scalar quantity?

  • Speed
  • work
  • distance
  • energy
  • power
  • Temperature
  • Volume
  • Specific heat
  • Calorie
  • Density
  • Entropy
  • Gravitational potential
  • Charge
  • Frequency
  • Kinetic energy

Examples of vector quantities

  • Force
  • Acceleration
  • Momentum
  • Torque
  • Electric flux
  • Magnetic field intensity
  • Centrifugal force
  • Shearing stress
  • Electric field intensity

List of scalar and vector quantities

  • Mass
  • weight
  • speed
  • work
  • power
  • energy
  • force
  • torque
  • displacement
  • distance

Related topics

Types of vectors

dot product and cross product

Difference between dot product and cross product

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