Difference between scalar quantity and vector quantity in tabular form

 What are the differences between scalars and vectors?


Scalars vectors
Physical quantities having magnitude only but no direction .Physical quantities having magnitude and direction .

  These quantities are completely described by:

1:a number

2:a suitable unit

These quantities are completely described by:

1:a numbers

2:by a suitable unit

3:By certain direction

These quantities are added ,subtracted ,multiplied and divided by simple arithmetic rules.     These quantities cannot be added ,subtracted,multiplied and divide by simple arithmetical rules.

Examples of scalar quantities

  • Speed
  • work
  • distance
  • energy
  • power
  • Temperature
  • Volume
  • Specific heat
  • Calorie
  • Density
  • Entropy
  • Gravitational potential
  • Charge
  • Frequency
  • Kinetic energy

Examples of vector quantities

  • Force
  • Acceleration
  • Momentum
  • Torque
  • Electric flux
  • Magnetic field intensity
  • Centrifugal force
  • Shearing stress
  • Electric field intensity

List of scalar and vector quantities

  • Mass
  • weight
  • speed
  • work
  • power
  • energy
  • force
  • torque
  • displacement
  • distance

Related topics

Types of vectors

dot product and cross product

Difference between dot product and cross product


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